GET TO KNOW THE BIRDS OF TURKEY - 1


posted on 23rd of may, 2013

Hi folks,

Starting from this week, I will try to introduce you the birds living / existing in Turkey.

My aim is to endear the birds to the general audience along with giving short information about their descriptions, habitats, biology and behaviours with the resources and references I have used.

Here we go, we start with:

Great crested grebe – Podiceps cristatus

The Great Crested Grebe is the largest member of the grebe family. They measure 46–51 cm (18–20 in) long with a 59–73 cm (23–29 in) wingspan and weigh 0.9 to 1.5 kg (2.0 to 3.3 lb). It is an excellent swimmer and diver, and pursues its fish prey underwater. The adults are unmistakable in summer with head and neck decorations. In winter, this is whiter than most grebes, with white above the eye, and a pink bill.

The young are distinctive because their heads are striped black and white. They lose these markings when they become adults.
The Great Crested Grebe breeds in vegetated areas of freshwater lakes. It is resident in the milder west of its range, but migrates from the colder regions. It winters on freshwater lakes and reservoirs or the coast.

The Great Crested Grebe has an elaborate mating display. Like all grebes, it nests on the water's edge, since its legs are set relatively far back and it is thus unable to walk very well. Usually two eggs are laid, and the fluffy, striped young grebe are often carried on the adult's back. In a clutch of two or more hatchlings, male and female grebes will each identify their 'favourites', which they alone will care for and teach.

Unusually, young grebes are capable of swimming and diving almost at hatching. The adults teach these skills to their young by carrying them on their back and diving, leaving the chicks to float on the surface; they then re-emerge a few feet away so that the chicks may swim back onto them.

The Crested Grebe feeds mainly on fish, but also small crustaceans, insects and small frogs.

This species was hunted almost to extinction in the United Kingdom in the 19th century for its head plumes, which were used to decorate hats and ladies' undergarments. The RSPB was set up to help protect this species, which is again a common sight.

References:

Wikipedia - www.wikipedia.org
Birdguides - www.birdguides.com
Trakus - www.trakus.org


Hope to meet you again with a new species next week.
Cheers.
Caglar

Comments (1)

Posted by Jackbluee on May 26, 2013
You have very beautiful birds. Your images are very nice!



This article has been read 253 times. 1 readers have found this article useful.
Photo credits: Caglar Gungor.

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