I have discussed the space definition and camera position relative to space. In this one I have wrote my ideas regarding the lenses and how they affect the spce, wide angle and telephoto lens.
The visual compression of space with a telephoto lens is also based directly on distance relationships, between elements in the frame and the camera's position. If the elements are equal-distant from the camera's position, no visual compression between elements will result. The narrow field of view allows elements to appear closer, but no visual compression occurs. When the distance relationship between elements changes and one element, exists closer to the camera's position than another element, visual compression results. The larger the distance relationship becomes, the more compression occurs. Simply put, elements that exist further from camera become relatively larger visually, compared with elements that exist closer to the camera. This distance and compression relationship is also fluid, depending on how long the focal length is.
The most beneficial characteristic of these lenses is the field of view allows us to isolate the positive/negative space, more easily, to support the concepts of layering. In large or complex scenes, our ability to compose, by moving around and getting close to these spaces can be difficult or impossible. With long focal lengths, we can appear to be closer, without moving very far. Bonus!
The most challenging aspect of this lens, the inherent compression, seems somewhat counterintuitive in supporting the concepts of layering. But, if we think about the distance relationships of space using this lens, the elements (positive or negative), further from the camera become visually larger compared to elements that are closer. The lens is expanding space through compression, what a concept! We can use this relationship to our advantage by maximizing the size and importance of the space, further from us, which supports the concept of layering.
Two general thoughts on choosing a lens to shoot with:
•To bring more attention to close subjects a shorter focal length lens will be useful.
•To bring more visual attention to far subjects a longer focal length lens would be beneficial.